Classifying KOSs: the use of Dahlberg’s ICC in the DANS KOS observatory (KOSo)

Gerard Coen, DANS KNAW (Netherlands)
Richard P. Smiraglia, DANS KNAW (Netherlands)
Peter Doorn, DANS KNAW (Netherlands)
Andrea Scharnhorst, DANS KNAW (Netherlands)

Abstract | This talk describes the theoretical framework and methodological workflow to classify Knowledge Organisation Systems (KOSs). As part of this research a KOS Observatory has been set up which currently contains about 132 KOS from various disciplines, primarily social sciences, humanities and life sciences. The DANS KOS Observatory (KOSo) partly integrates and partly complements existing KOS registries. This research project is innovative on two different grounds. It represents a first attempt to consistently classify KOS using the Information Coding Classification. Second, the observatory is set up in a way to support long term data archiving (including the archiving of related KOS), hence it supports data curation both during research and during long term preservation. With the KOS Observatory (KOSo) reconstruction and study of the evolution of KO (Knowledge Organization) systems becomes possible, but it is also of immediate practical importance for researchers searching for relevant KOS for their research question and for data managers at research data archives in their routines to check the quality of submitted data collections.  This paper focus on the workflow to classify KOSs in the KOSo.

Bio | Gerard Coen is a Policy Officer at Data Archiving and Networked Services (DANS), where he is also a member of the Research & Innovation Group. He holds an MSc in Communication Science and is currently finishing a second MSc in Innovation Sciences, at the Faculty of Geosciences of Utrecht University. He works at DANS on topics relating to Knowledge Organization Systems (KOS), and FAIR Data & Software..

Bio | Richard P. Smiraglia is Professor Emeritus of the iSchools at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, and Long Island University, USA. Prof. Smiraglia was the Fourth KNAW Visiting Professor at DANS (Data Archiving and Networked Services), The Hague, The Netherlands, where he remains a Visiting Research Fellow. He is Senior Fellow of the Institute for Knowledge Organization and Structure, Inc. He was the recipient of the 2018 Frederick G. Kilgour Award for Research in Library and Information Technology. He is author of more than 300 publications in information science and knowledge organization. His work explores ontology extraction and evolution of knowledge in domains, the representation of concepts in knowledge organization systems, and the phenomenon of instantiation among information objects. He is principal investigator of the project Digging Into the Knowledge Graph (Di4KG), part of the fourth round of the T-AP Digging into Data Challenge. Di4KG interweaves Linked Open Data (LOD) about cultural artefacts in the Humanities and Social Sciences (SSH) with existing content in the Semantic Web, by mapping clusters of similar meaning onto Knowledge Organization Systems..

Bio | Charles Van Den Heuvel is Head Research of History of Science and Scholarship at the Huygens Institute for the History of the Netherlands of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW). Furthermore, he holds the chair: “Digital Methods and Historical Disciplines” at the University of Amsterdam.  He has a background in the history of art and worked in several cultural heritage institutions such as librarian of the Dutch Interuniversitary Institute of History of Art in Florence, as Inspector of Cultural Heritage of the Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture and Sciences and as a map curator of the cartographical collections of Leiden University Library. Recent research interests are digital humanities, history of knowledge (in particular of knowledge circulation of the Republic of Letters) and history of library and information sciences (in particular the life and works of Paul Otlet and the history of classification). He is the p.i. of the large research infrastructure project Golden Agents. Creative Industries and the making of the Dutch Golden Age that combines Semantic Web and Multi-Agents technologies supported by ontologies to analyze interactions between the production, consumption and very branches of the cultural industries of the Dutch Golden Age.

Bio | Peter Doorn is the Director of Data Archiving and Networked Services (DANS), the Dutch national institute for long-term access to research data. He studied Human Geography at Utrecht University and received his PhD there. He was Director of the Netherlands Historical Data Archive and Head of Department at the Netherlands Institute for Scientific Information Services (NIWI). He is (board) member of several organisations in the area of humanities computing, data infrastructure and digital archiving and Editor of the Research Data Journal for the Humanities and Social Sciences.

Bio | Andrea Scharnhorst is Head of Research at Data Archiving and Networked Services (DANS), an institute of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW) and of the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO). She has a background in Physics (Diploma in Statistical Physics) and in Philosophy of Science (PhD). She has published extensively in international peer reviewed journals about topics of knowledge dynamics. Andrea is editorial board of the journal Scientometrics and the Data Science journal. Since 2016 she has also served as the Chief Integration Officer for DARIAH.

Event Timeslots (1)

Day 2 | Friday, June 21
Gerard Coen, Richard P. Smiraglia, Peter Doorn & Andrea Scharnhorst, DANS KNAW (Netherlands)